The End of an Era…Ringling Brothers and Barnum Circus

Article Dedication

in Honor of

 Sylvie Pénichon & Nicéphore Niépce

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After 146 years Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey has closed. One of their most recognized acts was their elephants.  Here is a post from the archives in honor of the elephants service through the years in entertaining us.

Circus Elephant 2013 Daniel D. Teoli Jr V23

Shrine Circus elephant – Ohio Valley

Photo by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

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Introduction

As our world change and things become history it is very important for photogs to document what once was for future generations.

Sculpted Roof copyright 2012 Danuiel D. Teoli Jr. mr

When I was growing up in L.A., textured roofs were fairly common near the Miracle Mile. One day when I was visiting I noticed they were all gone except for a single example that I could find. That roof was leaking and scheduled for replacement as well.

DSC03307 mr

Another relic from L.A. was the concrete incinerator. Most houses had them in the back yard. They were very popular for burning trash. In the 1950’s they were outlawed

Not that long ago when there were high diving horses on New Jersey’s Steel Pier. Many people don’t know this. Even after decades of operation there are only a few photos of the act to be found. So many things going extinct for the social documentary photog to archive.

1929 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (5) mr 564789 mr 882390 mr

The circus revived the diving horse act for a short time, but has discontinued it.

1961 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (8) mr

1961- Shirley Peterson with ‘Gimael’ diving into a 38,000 gallon tank at the Hamid-Morton Circus. A note on the back of the print says ‘The negative was lost!”

If PETA has its way all animals used for enjoyment and forced labor would be stopped.

http://www.peta.org

1958 (est) - Mutton Buster

No more rodeo.

1960 (est) - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (1) mr

No more hunting.

1954 (est) - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (3) mr

All the zoos would be emptied.

1925 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

Equestrian games and horse racing stopped.

1925

- Selection from Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (6) mr

Bullfighting would be extinct.

1936 – Mexican bullfighter in Madrid substituting for a Spanish matador, who are on strike.

Is all this good or bad?

I don’t take sides…I just document my world.

In any case, the circus has a long history of using animal acts to entertain people and the documentation of that history is the purpose of this post.

1840 - Palmyre Annato mr

1840 – Palmyre Annato

1886 - Chiarini Chikanobu mr

1886 – Chiarini Chikanobu

Even if no animals are used there is pain, suffering and death in the circus….

- Selection from Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (3) mr

1962 – Mario Wallenda, who was crippled in a fall, watches his family perform.

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Here are some vintage press photos and snapshots from the Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection to memorialize the end of an era…the circus elephant.

1921 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1921 – Minnie, a dying zoo elephant.  In the photos that follow you will see a lot of hand retouching. Before Photoshop, it was not uncommon to add some art handwork to the press photo if things needed improving. Here they have drawn in some background.

1922 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1922 – Trying to right a sick ‘Hattie.’ – Central Park N.Y.C.

1922 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1922 – Preparing a taxidermy specimen. The largest female elephant ever killed. Roosevelt Memorial Museum of Natural History N.Y.C.

1923 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1923 – Langer Circus School,  England.

1926 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1926 – Recovering a five ton escaped circus elephant that terrorized Kansas for 4 days.

Republican Celebration 1929 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

1929 – Republicans christening their mascot.

1934 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1934 – An elephant looking for snacks at the London Zoo.

1934 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1934 – Osceola Seminole Indians – Florida

1936 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1936 – Children mesmerized by the elephant circus parade.

1936 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1936 – Loyola Lions visit the Los Angeles Zoological Park.

1937 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1937 – Trainer Jean Allen and aerialist Bertha Denham leave the Chicago train station and arrive at the Cole Brothers Circus via pachyderm.

1938 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1938 – Madison Square Garden, a Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus elephant plays dead in a rehearsal.

1939 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1939 – Quebec, a 8 foot long, 6 foot high snow elephant made by 2 boys.

1939 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1939 – Photo by James Thomas

1939 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (4) mr

1939 – N.Y.C. Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey unloading a train full of animal acts at the Mott Haven Yards for a show at the Garden.

1940 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1940 – With a heat wave in Chicago nearing 100 degrees, circus elephant ‘Nancy’ cools off.

1940 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (3) mr

1940 – Americans at Work radio show. Jack Knell interviewer is siting atop ‘Ruth’ a Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus elephant at Madison Square Garden, N.Y.C. with Eric McGill, Producer / Director listening.

1940 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1940 – Cleveland Zoo recovers escaped elephant. – Ohio

Photo by James Mell

During the WWII years of 1941-1945 the historical record is slim for photos of circus elephants. All domestic efforts were concentrated on the war.

Here is a before and after comparison to show you the amount of post processing that was used for some of the photos. The press photos varied from very good to poor in image quality.

1946 NO PP mr

1946 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr (2)

1946 – Cleveland, OH – Back of photo marked ‘Reversed print.’

Photo by Glenn Zahn

- Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1947 – Patricia Cooney and Dennis Hughes at the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey show at Madison Square Garden N.Y.C.

1947 - Selection from Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (4) mr

1947- Edward Raymond, clown for the Shriners Circus visiting kids at the Shrine Hospital. – Chicago.

1950 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1950 – The ‘circus comes to town’ parade. – N.Y.C.

1951 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (1) mr

1951 – Pre-show practice. – Spokane, WA

1951 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1951- Four year old Nanette Sharkey of Baltimore, MD greets ‘Betty’ at the Paris Vincennes Zoo.

1951 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1951 – Elephants keeping in shape while wintering in Ft. Myers, FL. at Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey compound.

1952 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1952 – Gift to the Franklin Park Zoo. – Boston, MA

- Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (1) mr

1952 (est) – Rosemary Adair of the Clyde Beatty – Cole Brothers Circus. – Sarasota, FL

1952 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (3) mr

1952 – Clyde Beatty Circus. – Spokane, WA.

1952 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1952 – ‘Teola’ , Nino Marcel and Ed McConnell in elevator at CBS Television City, Los Angeles, CA for show Smilin Ed’s Gang.

1953 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1953 – Trainer Floyd Smith and assistant Joe Stephens work on ‘Honey’ the dancing elephant who has irritated feet from too much contact with concrete. – St. Louis, MO.

1953 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (3) mr

1953 – Shrine Circus elephant scoops up a trunk of snow in Chicago.

1953 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (4) mr

1953 – Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus. – Spokane, WA.

1953 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1953 – San Diego Zoo new arrival ‘Peaches’, an African elephant from Portuguese East Africa.

Photo by Richard Van Nostrand

1954 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1954 – London Zoo

1954 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1954 – ‘Babe’ 4 ton circus elephant. – St. Paul, MN.

1955 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1955 – Off US-31 in Holland, MI, ‘Roxie’ a 5 ton circus elephant lays on her side with a bad case of colic. Susan Bible tries to comfort her after the vet pumped thousands of units of penicillin and glucose into the elephant.

1956 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (1) mr

1956 – Street cleaner Tom Perraro ponders the cleanup of a circus elephant that died during a heat wave in N.Y.C.

1956 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (4) mr

1956 – The Big Top!

1956 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1956 – Lorraine Parker (left) and Annette Sinclair meet ‘Dumbo’ at the London Zoo.

1957 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1957 – Pre-show practice. – Cleveland, OH.

Photo by Frank Alexsandrowicz

1957 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1957 – A tiny Dik-Dik stands between a massive elephant at Rowland Ward’s taxidermy shop in London. Both are taxidermy mounts.

1959 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (4) mr

1959 – Althoff Circus – Nuremberg, Germany.

1959 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1959 – Secretary of State Robert Zimmerman (Rep)  rides ‘Blanche’ at the Circus Museum in Baraboo, WI.

1960 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1960 – El Paso Zoo, Texas.

1960 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (3) mr

1960

1961 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (4) mr

1961 – ‘Bimbo’ the worlds only waterskiing elephant. – San Diego, CA

1961 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (5) mr

1961 – London Zoo

1961 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (6) mr

1961-Togni Circus, Rome

1961 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (7) mr

1961 – A gift from the children of India arrives at a port in Norfolk, VA. A crane is used to hoist it off the ship where it will be loaded onto a truck to be delivered to a zoo in Washington, D.C.

1961 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1961 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection rev mr

1961- Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus elephants taking a water break after being unloaded off the train for the show at the Coliseum in Spokane, WA

1962 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1962 – 18 year old Gloria Paul taking a ride on ‘Candy’ at the Zoo in Chessington, England.

1963 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1963 – Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus arrive in Spokane, WA parading the animal troupe en route to the Coliseum traveling on West Riverside, north on Division and west on Boone.

1967 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (48) mr

1967 – Zoo in Europe.

Photo by B. Miedza

1967 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr1967

1970 (est)- Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (7) mr

1970 (est)

1971 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1971 – Wild African Elephant

1972 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1971 – Description on verso: Ethpawura – the wall of elephants whcih runs around the Ruwanveliseya Dagaba, Anuradhapura, Ceylon / Alternate description: Ruwanwelisaya in the sacred city of Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka

1971 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (3) mr

1971 – Spokane, WA

1971 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (5) mr

1971 – Reading, Berkshire, England – ‘Birma’ with four year old Shane Smart, son of Billy Wilson Smart of the famous circus family.

1973 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1973 – Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus elephants taking a food break after being unloaded off the train.

- Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (5) mr

1973 (est)

1974 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (3) mr

1974 – Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey miniature circus created by Ernie and Virginia Palmquest.

1974 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1974 – Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus with William ‘Buckles’ Woodcock.

1975 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1975 – London Zoo

1975 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1975 – Zippity Zoo night – Cleveland, OH

1975 (est) - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1975 (est) – Circus Vargas

1980 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1980 – ‘The Elephant’ in the ‘Stone Forest’- Kunming, China

1980 (est) - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1980 (est)

1981 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1981 – Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus elephant arriving by train. –  Cleveland, OH.

Photo by David I. Andersen

1981- Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1981

1984 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (4) mr

1984 – Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus. – St. Petersburg, FL

1984 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1984 – ‘Lucy’ the Elephant – Margate, NJ

1984 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1984

1984 (est) - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1984 (est) – Circus Vargas

1986 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) mr

1986 – The Greatest Show on Earth! Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus – Cleveland, OH

1986 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1986 – Ben Barkin

1989 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (5) mr1989 – Shrine Circus – First-graders from Cahill Elementary in Edina. – Minneapolis, MN

1990 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1990 – Joel Starr at the Clark County Fair

1991 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr

1991 – Shrine Circus – Spokane Interstate Fairgrounds, WA

1992 - Selection from The End of an Era - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection mr1992 – Shriners sponsored Jordan International Circus – Troy Metzler cooling down ‘Malkia’a 14 year old African elephant.

Photo by Lisa D. Finoer

2012 - Selection from The End of an Era mr (2)

2012 – Shriners Circus – Ohio Valley

Photo by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

2013 - Selection from The End of an Era mr (1)

2013 – Shriners Circus – Ohio Valley

Photo by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

2013 - Selection from The End of an Era mr (3)

2013 – Pittsburgh Zoo

Photo by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

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Photographs used herewith were taken in part from the following artists’ books by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

The End of an Era

In Their Day

Frosty

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Girls of the Beat Generation - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

Girls of the Beat Generation

A forthcoming 6 volume artists’ book series by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

A complete list of artists’ books by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

https://danielteolijr.wordpress.com/2016/03/07/artists-books-by-daniel-d-teoli-jr-2/

De Wallen Graffiti 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.