Announcing placement of the Encyclopedia of Ink Jet Printing with Rochester Institute of Technology Image Permanence Institute.

A 12 volume set of the Encyclopedia of Photographic and Fine Art Ink Jet Printing Media has been placed with Rochester Institute of Technology Image Permanence Institute.

Previous sets of the Encyclopedia have been placed at The Center for Creative Photography Department of Conservation, The Rijksmuseum Research Library in the Netherlands, The Rare Books and Manuscripts Library Ohio State University and The Amon Carter Museum of American Art Department of Conservation.

Encyclopedia of Ink Jet Printing Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr 1 Encyclopedia of Ink Jet Printing Daniel D. Teoli Jr.  mr 2

The 12 volume Encyclopedia is currently the world largest set of hand-printed contemporary artists’ books ever made. More importantly, it is a very important and unique reference collection for archival research and those interested in ink jet printing.


De Wallen Graffiti copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

Anytime someone tells you NOT to shoot something cause they don’t like it and it is legal to shoot…that smacks of pretention on their part.

Article Dedication

in Honor of

Henri Cartier-Bresson & Susan Meiselas


From the Rangefinder Forum…


Jake writes:

Currently looking at morality in regards to identity within photography for my final project at college and have come across this article regarding a photojournalists coverage of a stoning and whether he should have taken the image from a moral standpoint. If you could give the article a read and write down your opinions for me to use in my research that would be great:…to-sean-ohagan



My Reply:


Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

Morals, values and laws vary all over the world. In Muslim countries an adult male can marry a child – in the US they would go to jail. In Amsterdam you can have sex with teens – in the US you will go to jail. In America the women can dress pretty much as they like – if they do it in some locals it can get them disfigured and maybe killed.

When push comes to shove, generally speaking the only thing that counts is the law. Whether the consensus is ‘like or dislike’ it does not matter to me and it should not matter to the dedicated artist either. And even if it is not legal to shoot, many times we have to try anyway, if freezing time is our job.

Anytime someone tells you NOT to shoot something cause they don’t like it and it is legal to shoot…that smacks of pretention on their part.

To base my photo on what others like would mean I do my photography for others and not myself. Since I pay my own way, I shoot for myself and not for others. The job of the photog is to document and freeze time. Therefore do your job and leave pet personal prejudices at home if you want to be the best photojournalist you can be.


Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

Here is the Hierarchy of Documentary Photography which I developed.

1. Candid events unfolding as they happen.

2. If it cannot be perfected or obtained as a candid, then the photo must be posed.

3. If it cannot be perfected or obtained as a posed photo, then it must be staged with the proviso it is a recreation of past events, preferably with the actual persons reenacting the events.

4. Figments of the imagination. Varies in documentary value.  Can be based on pure speculation or a recount of events.


Someone mentioned ‘ethics’ in the mix over at Rangefinder Forum. Like it is OK if you have good ethical reasons to shoot certain offensive subjects and it is not OK to shoot if you don’t have good ethics. Ethics, exploitation or any other excuse you can come up with does not matter in the least when it comes to documentary photography.

The photograph does not require a pure heart for the button to be pushed. All it requires is for the button to be pushed to freeze time and be a witness to history.

These were taken by NAZI’s. How important are they as a witness to history? The camera did not require an investigation into ethics or motives of the photographer for them to be priceless.

Einsatzgruppen Killing last jew in Vinnytsia

The last Jew in Vinnitsa

Nazis killing Jews Ivangorod 1942

German execution squad

Many times the artist, using their art, tries to make sense of the world with their medium. That is another area that should not be begrudged to the artist.  Again it is all based on the law, not on other people’s pet personal prejudices.


In summation…If it is legal, shoot what you like. Forget the critics that will try to tear you down…march to your OWN beat or you will have to shoot what the CRITICS browbeat you to shoot.



Daniel D. Teoli Jr.Archival Collection

Selection from Iconoclastic Reporter artist’s book by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.


De Wallen Graffiti 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.


Announcing placement of the Encyclopedia of Ink Jet Printing with the Amon Carter Museum of American Art

A 12 volume set of the Encyclopedia of Photographic and Fine Art Ink Jet Printing Media has been placed with Amon Carter Museum of American Art – Department of Conservation.

Previous sets of the Encyclopedia have been placed at The Center for Creative Photography Research Library, The Rijksmuseum Research Library in the Netherlands and the Rare Books and Manuscripts Library Ohio State University.

Encyclopedia of Ink Jet Printing Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr 1 Encyclopedia of Ink Jet Printing Daniel D. Teoli Jr.  mr 2

The 12 volume Encyclopedia is currently the world largest set of hand-printed contemporary artists’ books ever made. More importantly, it is a very important and unique reference collection for archival research and those interested in ink jet printing.


De Wallen Graffiti copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

When it comes to color prints, you never, ever display your original irreplaceable color photos for long periods. They are just meant to be taken out and looked at once in a while. You display color copy facsimiles, not the originals.

Article Dedication

In honor of

Condé Nast & Mathew Brady


Over at the APUG forum a photog mentioned how he was working on a corporate photo collection and much of the color work had faded away over the decades. Well, the APUG bozos banned me, so I will have to answer it here.

When it comes to color prints, you never, ever display your original irreplaceable color photos for long periods. They are just meant to taken out and looked at once in a while. You display color copy facsimiles, not the originals. All these expensive color prints collectors buy will fade badly if they are kept on constant display. And as the expensive color collector photos fade badly they will become more worthless over time.

The finest pigment inkjet prints wont fade in direct sun exposure for a year or more. But, give them 1-1/2 or 2 years of sun and they will start to fade a little. Now, if they are kept in dark storage then the prints should last for centuries.

Eastman Kodak Dye Transfer prints will start to fade in a few months of direct sunlight. They are the worst color imaging media out there other than some Type C color paper Freestyle used to sell in the ’70s…it fades away in dark storage. The best Type C paper I’ve tested is Fuji Crystal Archive. It is almost on par with pigmented inkjet prints, but is not as good as the best inkjet prints for dye stability.

One camera fondler on the APUG forum claimed that dye transfer prints were the best for archival stability. Dye transfer prints are one of the worst color imaging media for archival dye stability. Yet, I’ve seen dye transfer prints going back to the 1950’s (and one much earlier vintage example online) that were still vibrant…but they were in dark storage for most of that time.

What follows is taken in-part from my  book: Dye Stability Testing of Color Imaging Media Edition II by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

Homage to Weegee copyright 1974 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

Homage to Weegee – Cigarette Caught in Mid Flight ~ Hollywood, CA 1974

The image pictured above is from a scan of an 8 x 10 work print made in 1974 that was supposed to be trashed. The work print escaped the trash can by mistake and somehow survived 38 years hidden from sight as a bookmark.

The original negative to the image as well as any final silver gelatin prints I had made were all lost in a flood. So the work print was all I had to work with to recover the image.

When I found the work print I was able to get a usable digital image from scanning it and some Lightroom adjustments. But the original work print was of poor quality and had mottled shadows and blacks….that was why is was headed for the trash can.

Many digital photographers I talk with tell me they seldom make prints. They just view their work on the monitor or on digital photo frames. This ‘no prints required’ method is one of the benefits digital photography can provide us.

But, this benefit would also work against the digital photographer if they would ever lose their digital masters. The lack of a physical negative / chrome is one of the shortcomings of digital imaging when it comes to preservation. But, we can come close to the benefit of film with a 4 x 6 (or optimally a letter size) master print.

With a high grade scan of our master print we can always recover 90% of the original image if we would ever lose our digital or film master. The master print for the digital photographer is what the physical negative is for the film photographer.

Here are a few of my photos that were lost in a 2001 flood. The only reason I can show you these is that I had some small 2 x 4 to 3.5 x 5 inch snapshot prints of them stored at my mom’s house. I was able to recover something with a scan of the prints.

Santa Monica Copyright 1984 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

House on Fire V12 Copyright 1972 Daniel D. Teoli Jr mr

Pigsheads Copyright 1983 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

Santa Anita Copyright 1983 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mrmr

When scans are done correctly, they can yield excellent results.

Dye Transfer print versus Inkjet Print scanned copy Daniel D. Teoli jr. mr

The above photos show a scan of an original Eastman Kodak dye transfer print. I then made a second generation inkjet print from the scan of the dye transfer print.

I married the original dye transfer print and the second generation inkjet print and scanned them to show comparison results. I didn’t use a high priced scanner or printer to do the tests. I used a consumer model Canon printer from Wal-Mart costing about $80 and a $200 Epson scanner.

Now, no scan is as good as the original. But, you can see for yourself, it is hard to tell which is the original dye transfer scan and which is the scan of inkjet copy print made from the dye transfer print.

Top Photograph – Dye Transfer original is on the bottom half.

Bottom Photograph – Dye Transfer original print is on the right side.

This test tells us 2 things:

1) Scans can recover about 90% of the image quality from an original.

2) Inkjet printers can equal or surpass Eastman Kodak’s dye transfer process when it comes to image quality. (In addition, dye stability tests I’ve run show pigmented inkjet prints will outlast an Eastman Kodak dye transfer print when it comes to dye stability by leaps and bounds.)

For the dye stability tests photos in this post,  I cut or masked the media in half. One half of the media was put in sunlight for 6 months. The other half was stored in total darkness. After 6 months of sun, the 2 halves were married and scanned. The half exposed to the sun was marked with an ‘S’. The half stored in the dark was marked with a ‘D’.

Below: Eastman Kodak Dye Transfer Print fade test of vintage 1954 prints.Dye Transfer print fade test after 6 months of sun Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr.

Test results show Eastman Kodak’s dye transfer prints to have very poor dye stability when exposed to light. Dye transfer prints will start to show notable fading in just 2 to 3 months of exposure to sunlight. But they do have very good good dark storage dye stability. As best as I could tell, the vintage dye transfer prints used in this test showed no noticeable fading in 65 years of dark storage.

I’ve fade tested vintage dye transfer prints from 1950’s to 1970’s and the test results are the same…very  poor dye stability to light.  I don’t do bullshit estimates either. I do actual fade tests as taught to me by the master dye transfer printer Bob Pace whom I worked with in Hollywood, CA in the 1970’s.

The oldest know dye transfer I’ve come across is a pre-commercial production piece about 80 years old and still looked good. But when it comes to dye stability, the king is the pigmented ink jet and laser print, possibly surpassed only by the old Cibachrome prints. Bob Pace had some old Cibachromes in his lab’s display window. The emulsion was all cracked up from the sun – but the colors were still vibrant.

Dye transfer prints shown are by: Dean Child, US Color Print Portland, OR

Below is a metal print on aluminum, something that is very popular nowadays.  The sky faded a good deal after 6 month of sun.

Bay Photo Aluminum Sheer Matte Fade Test 2015 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. m4

Pole Dancer Ros County 2012 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

Below is an Epson inkjet print exposed to 1 year of sun with no noticeable fading. I use a lot of gloss optimizer in my printing and wondered about its archival characteristics. I decided on giving Epson’s gloss optimizer a 1 year sun stress test, not 6 months.

Here is a quick shot of the test results with my P&S Sony.

Epson Gloss Optimizer Test 1 Year Sun Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

After the 1 year test period was over I married the 2 halves for comparison. The black lines show the edges where the gloss optimizer extends. One year of sun produced no change to the gloss optimizer that could be seen with the eye. The results area also a testimony to Epson’s Ultrachrome archival pigment based ink.

Here is the original digital file.

Freemont Street No. 2 copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

The point of fade testing is to show you that different media has different dye stability. So choose a media that is fade resistance for your master prints.

Additional color imaging media fade tests:

De Wallen Graffiti copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

I wonder what America will look like…100 years after Frank?

Article Dedication

In honor of

Louis Faurer & Eugene de Salignac


As I finish up my book project for The Americans…60 years after Frank, I am amazed how much things have changed in 60 years. I can’t help but wonder what America will look like…100 years after Frank.


Open Carry Las Vegas, NV

If you have not looked at Robert Frank’s The Americans for a while, crack it open and give it a look-see for yourself.


Venice, CA

Here are a sampling of some of the photos I took for the project. (See footnote:a) While I didn’t try to anally follow in the footsteps of Frank, if I was already in the area, I hit a few of his old haunts. If you are interested in a more sentimental type of Frank jounery, check out this DVD:

I try to be a balanced social documentary photographer. I can’t afford to concentrate just on the pretty or just on the ugly aspects of society. I seldom censor, but I am discriminatory in what I do present. If it is legal to shoot and I like it…I shoot it.

Yes…Yes…Yes…photography is like that and there’s no maybes. All the maybes go to the trash. There is a tremendous enjoyment in saying yes, even if it is for something you hate. It is an affirmation…Yes!” ~ Cartier-Bresson

37Whoop-Whoop 111 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr (6)

Campground outside of Columbus, OH

(Not staged – As I walked by there she was sitting on his lap with a hand on her breast. I asked for the photo and shot it.)

While street photography is an important part of the mix, it is not the only thing I do. My photography has to go beyond talking pictures of people walking in and out of shadows or finding funny signs and waiting 20 minutes for someone to walk by it. Still, if I can inject a little ‘art’ into my work I do while still being true to the subject matter. While I like to do straight photography, I also bend it a little if it works to the benefit of the image.

 BMG Project Infrared Flash 2015 Daniel D. Teoli Jr mr - Copy

Multitasking   Campground outside of Columbus, OH Infrared flash photograph (Candid)

A photo is not like a video or movie. The photo must catch our attention and tell the story in one image. There are many tools the photog can use for this job and I try to make use of them all. I hold no prejudices to any genre, whether it is B&W, contrast, HDR, color, lighting, sharpness, selective color, bokeh, grain, or motion blur. In a world of 2 billion cell phone cams at large, these are some of tools the photog can use to garner attention for their image

Lost Princess Copyright 2013 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

Lost Princess  Wheeling, WV (Candid)

Agricultural Fair  West Alexander, PA (Candid…ish)

In 2016 if your a male photog shooting stranger kids on the street…you’re labeled a sexual predator. And this is especially an issue for someone like me in their 60’s.

Man Eating Trash 2015 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

Barefoot man with soiled pants eating from the trash  Los Angeles, CA (Candid)

I don’t make everything black and white nor do I make everything color. I let the image speak to me and go with the treatment I think is best. The ‘I only shoot BW’ photogs can lose important information if they stick to their dogmatic position 100%.


Faces of Gentrification  Wheeling, WV

Now, I used to be one of those ‘all B&W’ types back in the 1970’s before branching out to color in the 1980’s. I would look down on the color photogs…I was a purest. It is all ego driven nonsense. Sometimes the image will work either way. If so, do what you like. Other times it needs to be in color or BW only. Do what is best for the image, let it decide and don’t let your ego get in the way.

Ernst Hass on the subject …

“There are black and white snobs, as well as colour snobs. Because of their inability to use both well, they act on the defensive and create camps. We should never judge a photographer by what film he uses- only by how he uses it.”


Campground outside of Columbus, OH  Infrared flash photograph (Candid)


Pinky  The Grove, Los Angeles, CA (Candid)

…a big challenge nowadays is to get a photo of someone without a cell phone in hand.


Bronze memorializing civil rights sit-in  Wichita, KS


Gravestone  Cincinnati, OH

Hollywood Blvd Selfie- infrared flash 2015 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

Pucker Up!  Hollywood, CA  Infrared flash photograph (Candid)


Memphis, TN

To see a diversified mix of America I traveled through 24 states and D.C. for this project. While shooting I didn’t have the luxury of sticking around for hours until the sun or weather changed into something I may have liked better. That is the domain of the anal landscape photog with tripod in tow. My challenge was to get a great shot in 30 minutes and move on.

Of course, that is the hallmark of the expert documentary photog. They must go to strange lands they may know little or nothing about and out-shoot the local photogs to bring back iconic images usually under the demands of a short time schedule.

Sometimes I am successful, other times I fail…but I always try. As the old saying goes…if I knew how to take great photos…I do it every time! On the photo forums you always see photogs that don’t even try. They have convinced themselves they will fail before they even start. Don’t fall into that trap if you want to get ahead.


Being self-funded and not rich, the budget is always a concern. When shooting in Manhattan the only way I could swing it was to stay at a campsite in Jersey City and take the transport into NYC.


Campsite  Jersey City, NJ

It cost $65 a day to sleep in your vehicle or $55 a day to sleep in a tent. (You supply the tent.) I asked if I could sleep in my vehicle at the Ferry parking lot in NJ, but they said no. If they would have allowed it, it would have cost about $19 a day.

 I thought about taking a bus / hotel package to NYC, but the hotel killed the deal. The bus was only $28 for a one way Greyhound from Pittsburgh to NYC, but the hotel was $2750. Only bad thing about tent life is you have to carry all your gear on your back for fear of theft. I prefer staying in vehicles as I can hide some of my gear under the car seats and trunk.

I boondock all over to save $…Wal-Marts, casinos, motel parking lots, rest stops, truck stops…even a church parking lot. If your working with a limited budget that is how you do it. When I’m on the road I can wash up in any bathroom I find or hit the showers at the truck stops every few days for $10 to $13 a pop.

A good boondocking trick is to make a 25% dilute alcohol / water mix and use it to wash your body with a washcloth. Then wring out the cloth and use a water soaked cloth to go over your body. If you want privacy for a sponge bath, go into stall and stand or squat on top of the toilet.

GOTJ 57 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

 Thornville, OH (Candid)

…but you can only be ‘so candid’ when your using white light flash.


Holy Water Bowl St. Patrick’s Cathedral NYC (Candid)

As I looked around at the churches it seems to be of interest to older people more so than the young. But this depends on what location of the USA we are talking about. From my limited view, religion seems more popular in the Southern Baptist region.



Los Angeles, CA (Candid)

The lady above died a short time after I shot her and the long bench was torn down. Her house was the concrete bench at L.A.’s MacArthur Park. I’m glad I was able to document her for my book. This is the gift photography provides to mankind – a way to go back…a time capsule of sorts.

Here is how Cartier-Bresson described it…

“I prowled the streets all day, feeling very sprung-up and ready to pounce, determined to ‘trap’ life – to preserve life in the act of living.”

The gift that photography provides me is a way to make sense of my world. I don’t do photography to make money or to try and ‘change the world’ for the better. I am not a god, I don’t claim to know what is better. But, I can freeze time to get a better look of it at home.

You see,  if freezing time is in your blood, being a do-gooder or making $ does not matter.  If your dedicated to your art, you must produce and keep producing, whether you have an outlet or not to make $…or even have any practical use for your output.

Art is the way many of us make sense of our world. A wordsmith sifts it all through their brain and writes a book or article, a musician composes a song, a poet pens a poem, an artist sketches a drawing or does a painting, a photog shoots a pix, a sculptor forms a statue, a choreographer creates a dance. We each express what is in us and make sense of our world through our art.

Georges Simenon summed up how it is for the writer and this can go for any of the arts as well.

“Writing is considered a profession, and I don’t think it is a profession. I think that everyone who does not need to be a writer, who thinks he can do something else, ought to do something else. Writing is not a profession but a vocation of unhappiness. I don’t think an artist can ever be happy.”

Irrespective of recognition, fame and riches, dedicated photogs all have one thing in common…we know photography is our life blood and as long as we can keep pressing the button and freeze time, we fell the better for it.

Weegee on the subject…

“Sure. I’d like to live regular. Go home to a good looking wife, a hot dinner, and a husky kid. But I guess I got film in my blood.”


NYC Subway (Candid)

My old home town L.A. has changed tremendously since Frank’s time. They have more people living in tents and under tarps than many American cities have population.

In the Shadow of City Hall V25 2015 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

In the shadow of City Hall – Homeless tent encampment Los Angeles 2015

(In the shadow of City Hall was shot on the fly, through my car windshield while driving, unframed.)


Times Square Food Stand  NYC  Infrared flash photograph (Candid)

No Bums 2015 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

 Alley  Ohio Valley

In 2016 having roommates are very common if you don’t want to end up on the street. I asked a guy living in Santa Monica how much he is paying for rent in a apartment building at the beach. He said 3 guys live in a 1 bedroom and split $2600 a month rent. He told me they take weekly turns at sleeping in the bedroom.  I read in NYC they can get 4 roommates into a 1 bedroom apt.


Internet photo

Privacy beds are a popular roommate option for packing people in. Although in NY they are experts at making illegal walled off little cubicles for privacy.

GOTJ project 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

Thornville, OH

Life is very complex nowadays, it is nothing like the 1950’s when all we had was 3 on air TV stations…

Cool Cop m

With the high cost of living, people seem more frantic nowadays to make a buck…any way they can.


Bareback Musclefuck

In the mid 1990’s they had a black homeless lady that hanged around the portajohns at Santa Monica beach. She would ask passerby’s, Give me a dollar and I’ll show you my clit. 


Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

I can see why it is easy to become homeless if you lose a foothold for a month or two and you are living paycheck to paycheck. Cold water flats are a thing of the past.

Girls of the Beat Generation Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (4)

Cold water flat

Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

One months rent of $1800 for an upscale apartment in Pittsburgh would have paid for six years rent on a cold water flat back in Frank’s day.

LAS Busker Daniel D. teoli Jr. thin border mr

Busker  Las Vegas, NV


Sad Buskers  Times Square, NYC  Infrared flash photograph (Candid)

One of the gals was crying because no one wanted to pay them to take a photo with their boobies out. (See footnote:b)


Gas Panhandler   On the road from Vermont

He brings an empty can over and asks if you can spare a little gas while you are filling up. He waits at the station as long as it takes bumming gas until he fills up.

God, how things have changed in America. Who would have ever thought you would need a ‘poop map’ to navigate San Francisco?


 Poop Map San Francisco

Image: Human Wasteland


The family has changed a lot…

Christmas December 1941 Alice Ammerman & Mary Cox - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

Stats tell us 50% of the marriages fail. Families are no longer close-knit, family affairs living on the farm, where multi-generations live and die under one roof. Nowadays families scatter to the four winds to fend for themselves.


Cotillion ~  Viennese Winter Ball   Wheeling, WV (Candid)

Dancing Queen Bride Copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

Wedding Reception  Ohio Valley (Candid)

Marriage is in decline with kids. They got their cell phones, hook-up apps and can get ‘fuck buddies’ on demand…so why get married?


32Whoop-Whoop 13 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

 Thornville, OH (Candid)
fuck bud·dy


vulgar slang

plural noun: fuck buddies
A friend or acquaintance with whom a person regularly has sex without the expectation of a romantic relationship.

 23.2Whoop-Whoop 111 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr (5)

I was at a concert in Ohio and saw these 2 standing beside each other. I asked him if she was his girlfriend. He said “No, she’s my buddy”  and he gave her a little hug. At the time I did not know of the term ‘fuck buddies’ so I didn’t think to ask him, “Are you fuck buddies or just plain buddies?”

Well, young or old, humans thrive on affection…Bikers Mardi Gras no. 26 Copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

Campground outside of Detroit, MI

The benefit of a committed relationship / marriage / family support is it gave people a back-up if there was a financial emergency. I was talking with an old gal in her 90’s. She said during the depression they had almost 10 people in their extended family living under one roof trying to get by. The few that worked helped to support the family members that were unemployed. Without family support 6 of the 10 would have been homeless.


Our food supply has changed a lot…


Left: Farmers market (Kennebec) ~  Middle:  Dole (Red) ~  Right: Green Giant (Idaho)

Potatoes stored in a root cellar for 6 months.

When I was a kid, simple things like finding untreated potatoes that were not irradiated or chemically treated so they would not sprout was not a hard job. When I surveyed the supermarkets in my local all the commercial potatoes, even organic potatoes were treated one way or another so they would not sprout. It was not a novelty to see peaches with fuzz on them that actually tasted good and had a wonderful fragrance when ripening.


Many of our products have changed since Frank’s time. A lot of those products are extinct, those that survived have evolved. Look at how Ivory soap shrunk just over the last 2 years. You now pay more for 8 smaller bars of ‘original’ Ivory soap than you would have paid for 10 larger original bars…that is 1.58 pounds of soap now versus 2.40 pounds of soap then.

Old and new Ivory soap comparison D.D. Teoli Jr..


Lets go back in time to David R. Shackelford’s retirement party in the 1960’s, courtesy of The Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

1960-retirement-party-daniel-d-teoli-jr-archival-collection-1 1960-retirement-party-daniel-d-teoli-jr-archival-collection-2 1960-retirement-party-daniel-d-teoli-jr-archival-collection-3 1960-retirement-party-daniel-d-teoli-jr-archival-collection-4 1960-retirement-party-daniel-d-teoli-jr-archival-collection-5

Back then workers stayed with the same company for 25 or 30 years then retired with a pension. Once flipping companies became the rage on Wall Street, the pensions had to be spun off as companies were being dismantled left and right during the ‘takeover craze’ years. This coupled with people changing jobs like people change their socks also contributed to the pension’s demise.

David’s’ party sported real china, real metal cutlery, a linen tablecloth and fancy folded napkins…and a bunch of white guys.



Greenwich Village, NYC

Nowadays…white people are worried they may be extinct one day. Scientists do support this theory, with an eventual muddling of many of the races.



Politics and politicians…

1960 RNC Temple of Dreams - Daniel D. Teoli Jr Archival Collection (125)m

The Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection



Magazine rack at supermarket – border of Kentucky and Ohio


Swapmeet Ohio

Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (5) mr

The Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection


26Whoop-Whoop 123 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr (9)

Thornville, OH

In the early 70’s, before the oil crunch,  gasoline was .23 cents a gallon. A one bedroom apartment in L.A. was $150 a month. Studios were $75 to $95. Tuition at L.A.C.C. cost $6.50 a semester and Cal State L.A. was $63 a trimester. For one tuition fee a student could take as many classes as they liked.

Uncertain Future copyright 2005 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

Uncertain Future

If you attended a junior college for the first 2 years, a bachelor’s degree could be had for $450 to $500 in tuition costs. Houses in L.A.’s Miracle Mile district, that sell for 2 to 3 million dollars now, only cost $25,000 back then.


Huffin  Thornville, OH (Candid)

In the news this year they claimed in the distant future robots will be taking 75% of the jobs. Who knows the real number of jobs to be lost, but it is the American way. We are a capitalist country and money is god.

I select Kimberly -Task Rabbit'er 2016 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

I select Kimberly  Taskrabitt’er

Gigs, freelancing and ‘winging it’ by a growing army of freelancers, temps, contractors, part-timers, day laborers, micro-entrepreneurs, gig-preneurs, solo-preneurs, contingent labor, perma-lancers and perma-temps seems to be the new normal.

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‘Lette  Thornville, OH

If we were bees or ants then humans could be successful communists.  Can you imagine bees and ants working as greedy, self-centered capitalists? They would be extinct…wouldn’t they? But we can see when greedy and ego based human nature is mixed with communism it becomes worse than the capitalism.

In a world that requires continuous consumption to work, something will eventually have to give, unless the resources are infinite. I don’t pretend to have the answers…all I can do is document my world.


Free Poetry  Busker NYC Subway (Candid)

As I am writing this post they are now talking about a Universal Income for each citizen as a tool to combat the invasion of the robots. Someone threw out a figure of $13,000 a year as an  allowance. The gov would abolish Medicare, Social Security, Food Stamps and the rest. OK, fine, a person could survive on it if they had a couple of roommates, shopped at thrift stores for clothes and rode a bike or took the bus. But what happens when they raise the price of bread to $500 a loaf? Will the allowance keep pace?




Staten Island Ferry  NYC (Candid)

Beside Trump, Islam is in the news a lot nowadays. A 2015 Pew Study predicts Islam to be the worlds most dominant religion. Will Sharia Law be what controls the world 100 years after Frank? Are you worried? If so, in 2016 that makes you Islamaphobic!


I had read that Tinder, Facebook and some others have expanded their gender identity list to include some of these options. Wow, things are very complex now. I need a guide book for figuring it out. I looked some of them up then forgot what they mean. Looks like they left off Lesbian Separatist.

Cis Female
Cis Male
Cis Man
Cis Woman
Cisgender Female
Cisgender Male
Cisgender Man
Cisgender Woman
Female to Male
Gender Fluid
Gender Nonconforming
Gender Questioning
Gender Variant
Male to Female
Trans Female
Trans* Female
Trans Male
Trans* Male
Trans Man
Trans* Man
Trans Person
Trans* Person
Trans Woman
Trans* Woman
Transgender Female
Transgender Male
Transgender Man
Transgender Person
Transgender Woman
Transsexual Female
Transsexual Male
Transsexual Man
Transsexual Person
Transsexual Woman

Gender Benders from the 1970's 2015 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

Melissa  Los Angeles, CA

Over the years the ability to transition from male to female has improved greatly for all those unhappy with their birth gender.

Jennifur Copyright 1974 Daniel D. Teoli

Jennifur  Los Angeles, CA 1974


Bathroom 2016  Ohio Valley

A lady complained to me that she didn’t feel comfortable having a guy with a penis use the same bathroom as her just because he thought he was a woman. I told her I’ve known a lot of trans people over the years and most of them have no interest in women, they like men.

Joe at Doorway - Gender Benders from the 1970's 1974 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. m

Joe at doorway  Hollywood, CA 1974

I told her just in case you run across a trans poser that is after women, get some pepper spray. Are you worried about this topic? If so, in 2016 that makes you a homophobic!

Piercing Darkness Infrared Flash Daniel D. Teoli Jr. 22 mr - C

Infrared flash photograph  Near Columbus, OH (Candid..ish)


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The Kiss  Thornville, OH (Candid)


Art Installation LACMA  Los Angeles, CA

Reinbeau copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

Reinbeau…her toenails matched her fingernails   Las Vegas, NV


Little Dicky   The Lucky Chops from NYC (Candid)


Sunday on the Ohio River   Wheeling, WV (Candid)

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Thornville, OH (Candid)

Water is in the news a lot nowadays. I wish I had a sample of 1950’s tap water to test to see how it would compare to the dirty water we drink in 2016….was it worse or was it better? A lot of America’s water comes from polluted rivers. The rivers not only get the factory chemicals dumped in them the rivers are where many cities dump their human waste.

If your city gets its water from a river, you may be drinking recycled human waste.

Distillation residue from 1 gallon of tap water from Wheeling, WV.

Water source: Ohio River

Even if you have a clean source for your drinking water, some locals seem to be having a hard time keeping pace with our ever growing population.


Drought marker Hoover Dam   Arizona / Nevada

A ranger told me it has been decades since the high water mark was last reached.

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Thornville, OH

EPSON DSC PictureFlag in Alley   Wheeling, WV 



The missing beat girl…our girls used to be natural…no tattoos or pierced clit hoods!

While working with the Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection, an area that stood out like a sore thumb was the lack of tattoos that the gals had back in Frank’s time compared to the girls of today.

The Americans...60 years after Frank 2016 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

  Freemont St.  Las Vegas, NV  Infrared flash photo (Candid)

And believe me, I’ve seen every type of gone gal under the sun from the beat era! Over the last couple years I have looked through about 125,000 photos of naked beat girls from the 1940’s to 1960’s and many more tens of thousand beat girls with their clothes on. Out of all those photos I only found one gal with a tat. She had a small one about as big as a half-dollar on her hip.

Well, when I find the beat girl with the tat I will have to post her here. It is a real rarity, but she is lost in the archives as of now…

Girls of the Beat Generation Women of the Beat Generation - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (1) m  Women of the Beat Generation Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection Girls of the Beat Generation Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (1) Girls of the Beat Generation Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection Girls of the Beat Generation Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection Girls of the Beat Generation Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) Women of the Beat Generation - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (1) Selection from Girls of the Beat Generation Daniel. D. Teoli Jr. Women of the Beat Generation - Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection (2) h

Girls of the Beat Generation Daniel D. Teoli Jr. Archival Collection

Selections from Girls of the Beat Generation 6 volume artist’s book series

by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.


…OK, they did have the tattooed lady at the freak show.


The Americans…60 years after Frank is scheduled for printing in 2018.


(a) Photos used in this post are for illustration only. Not all photos shown are from The Americans…60 years after Frank

(b) I generally don’t interview my subjects or seldom talk to them. Any description I use is just my best guess of the situation at hand. Surface appearance is not always reliable and I may be wrong.

(c)  If any image is fuzzy, click on it for hi-res version.


A complete list of artist’s books by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

De Wallen Graffiti 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.


Would you ever pay a person to take their photo?

Article Dedication

In honor of

Minor White & Susan Meiselas


Would you ever pay a person to take their photo?

That was a question posed on one of the online blogs. They were not talking about hiring models for commercial shoots, they were referring to documentary photography or street photos.

I find more and more people are requesting $ for photo access. Many people are having a tough time getting by in today’s high priced world and a little extra money helps buy some essentials.

In the Shadow of City Hall V25 2015 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

In the Shadow of City Hall – Homeless tent encampment Los Angeles 2015

(…shot through my windshield, unfarmed, while driving to the airport.)

With my own work, the general rules I use are:

  1. I try to shoot candid photos.
  2. If I can’t shoot candid, then shoot posed.
  3. If I shoot posed and they don’t ask for $, I don’t offer.
  4. If they request money and I want to shoot them then pay them something or pass on the shot.

LAS Busker Daniel D. teoli Jr. thin border mr

I gave this guy a buck cause I liked his sign. I could have got the photo candid while walking by, but it would not look the same, so I paid. If I wanted this style of shot, I could have been an asshole, squatted down, shot him and walked off without a payment. But is it worth being an asshole over a lousy buck? Is the photo less honest over a lousy buck??

(BTW, he had a set of different signs. If one sign was not producing he would pull out another sign.)

The homeless guy below was trying to sell a candy bar. I grabbed a quick candid shot while walking by. I didn’t buy the candy bar or give him any money.

Homeless man selling a candy bar - Las Vegas 2016 Dainel D. Teoli Jr. - cm

Infrared flash photo

People know the photog ‘needs subjects’ so they can successfully press the button if they specialize in documenting the human condition. So, if the photog needs a subject, it is not out of the question that the person wants something in return for their time.

Back in the 70’s photography was esoteric…now a toddler can do it…even a monkey can do it! I still approach people to let me into their houses to document them, but I very, very seldom get any takers. Nowadays everyone has a cell phone cam and a inkjet printer from Wal-Mart. I’m effectively shut down. They are self-sufficient and don’t need me.

Sure, I’d pay if I want access to shoot a person if they wont give me photo access for free.  Seems to me if a subject requests money for access and the photog does not want to pay, the photog is trying to exploit the subject by getting around a honorarium request.

Eve Arnold paid $1000 in the late 1959 for access in shooting her black Muslim project. ($1000 in 1959 is = to about $8,000 nowadays.)

Bottom line…a photo is either honest or it is a phony – paying money for access has nothing to do with it. If you like the subject that much, pay them. If they are not that interesting to you, don’t pay them.

Thomas Dworzak sums things up…

“In many cases good photojournalism comes down to who’s got the best fixer.” 

And fixers don’t work for free. I’ve had to pay a few people for access. Other times even money wont gain access. When I first met Barbara LeMay in the 1973  I paid her $20 for photo access. She lived in Hollywood and worked at various business ventures from modeling to sewing for strippers to adult entertainment. Her body was part of her livelihood. Should I have been an anally principled photog and told her, “No Barbara it is against my principals to pay you for your time. You cannot eat off me or pay your rent.”

Yet, when it come time for all the sunset and burning steel wool photogs to demand money for their generic crap they MUST be paid.


64 Barbara LeMay Copyright 1974 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

This next shoot did not require any $…she was happy to get some free photos.

Stripper on Rooftop copyright 1974 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

When I did this next project I had 5 days to make a book. No time to screw around.

I would be fooling myself to think I can go to a strange city for 5 days and make friends with prostitutes to let me have photo access to shoot them for free. Just not going to happen…esp as a male. Maybe women can make friends over time with prostitutes – but males are always looked at as customers.

I tried paying 40 to 50 girls for 5 -10 minutes of time. The few that did accept a pay for access offer ended up cheating me. So I put my highly honed doc skills to work, left the money and aggravation out of the equation and just took candid pix. That suits me fine, I’m not really a people person when it comes to interactions anyway. I’m more like Cartier-Bresson…I just like to press the button and stick to candid street photography which I excel at.

Same with this project…I only had a few hours to shoot the photos for an entire book project. Since I am a fast shooter and highly skilled at documentary photography, I was able to finish the principal photography for the book in 4-1/2 hours…but I had to pay for access.

If I did not offer an honorarium, I doubt whether I would have received any interest in the project. Over a 6 week period of advertising for a subject I received 21 applications for the project. As things progressed, 20 out of 21 eventually flaked out. That is pretty pitiful reliability odds for booking a $2500 dollar trip to L.A.

If my last person had flaked out I would have had nothing to show for that trip…if it was a single project trip. But having nearly 50 years shooting social doc work I know how people are. I had scheduled to shoot for 6 book projects during my L.A. trip. Even if one or two projects were a bust I would still have something to show for my investment.

Pay to play is nothing new for photogs. I read a bird photog had to pay thousands of $ for boat charters and chum bait over a couple week birding trip. While the birds didn’t require a direct payment of $, they still required food to cooperate.

I had to pay nearly $200 for access to get these shots. The people didn’t charge me any $…the $200 was for a  ticket to get in. (Plus I lost close to a thousand dollars from broken and damaged gear.)

L1003119 V19 mr L1003231_-V15 7.5 x 7.5

13Whoop-Whoop 73 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr 11Whoop-Whoop 33 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr 21Whoop-Whoop 21 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr 22Whoop-Whoop 123 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr (4) 37Whoop-Whoop 111 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. mr

These gals make a living out of tips. I gave them a ‘fiver’ to hold still for me for a few seconds. Should I have tried to beat them out of their livelihood?

Freemont Street no.2 Copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. lr

Sure, I could have got something candid, but every shot cannot be perfected or even obtained as a candid. Now, I do more than my share of candid work sans payments. Shooting candid is not a problem for me. I hold the world record for how close a photog can get to a subject and still shoot a candid.

The candid shot below was less than a foot away…and I have them going down to 2 or 3 inches away from the subject…all candid.

Order Women Like Pizza Daniel D. Teoli Jr. v29 mr Order Women Like Pizza Copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

Order Women Like Pizza – 2014

But candid photos cannot always perfect the situation. So sometimes cooperation is needed from the subject and a little money can many time buy cooperation.

These gals from Brussels were on a Hen Party in Amsterdam. They wanted 10 Euros for a pix. I told them I was not going to pay any $, but I did offer to put one of my stickers on the bride elect…Pole Dancer of Ross County. They wanted 5 Euros for the sticker placement. When I told them no, they accepted the sticker for free on the brides stomach.

Hen Party Amsterdam Copyright 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr. w 'Pole Dancer Ross County' Copyright 2012 Daniel D. Teoli Jr JPEG fr

Pole Dancer of Ross County

If you cameras fondlers are caught shooting a person and they come up to you and ask for a few bucks, just give them something. You took something from them…they helped you out being your model…now you help them out. If they ask for $, don’t offer to email them a pix of themselves. That is not what they want. If you don’t want to pay, apologize and offer to delete out of courtesy to them.

A gal in Hollywood died over this exact same scenario I am telling you here. She took a pix, refused to pay a $1 tip and got stabbed to death. (I read elsewhere she may have mouthed off and the argument escalated. Don’t add fuel to the fire, delete, apologize, be courteous and keep your mouth shut. Beside guns and knives, ‘mouths’ are another big killer of people.)

Here is the Hierarchy of Documentary Photography, which I have developed.

1. Candid events unfolding as they happen.

This is the most desirable of the hierarchy. It takes special talent to take photos candid. Candid street photography is what separates the men from the boys.

2. If it cannot be perfected or obtained as a candid, then the photo must be posed.

If I did resort to asking a person for the shot, would it be any less real or honest? Well, maybe not as real as an ‘off the cuff, natural moment,’ but it would still be real and factual. What about if they asked me for a couple of bucks to let me shoot them? Any less honest? No…I just had to pay an access fee.

3. If it cannot be perfected or obtained as a posed photo, then it must be staged with the proviso it is a recreation of past events, preferably with the actual persons reenacting the events.

4. Figments of the imagination. Varies in documentary value.  Can be based on pure speculation or a recount of events.

Now, hierarchy or not, there are certain shots that I wont recreate as it misses the whole point of getting the shot.

For instance, one of my projects is shooting candid photos of people yawning.

10 Minutes Past Midnight – 2016 Infrared flash photo

The other day I saw a busker in diapers and a bib. He opened up with a nice big yawn. I would have loved to add that one to my collection, but just could not get close enough to get the shot in time.  I would never ask him to recreate the yawn for a staged pix with or without a payment. My yawn project is based on getting candid yawns and not in staging phony shots. I just had to suck it up and accept…I can’t get em all.

Further reading…’t/


Photos used for illustration in this post are from the following limited edition artist books by Daniel D. Teoli Jr.

The Americans…60 years after Frank

Peephole: Peering Into the World of 1970’s Hollywood and L.A.

Encyclopedia of Photographic & Fine Art Ink Jet- Printing Media -12 Volume Set

De Wallen: Amsterdam’s Red Light District


180: The circular fisheye at large!

Secrets of Candid Photography

Piercing Darkness

Gender Benders from the 1970’s

De Wallen Graffiti 2014 Daniel D. Teoli Jr.